Dos and Don'ts for the Immediate Care of a Drunk Person
Stay calm and try not to appear upset.
Be careful when approaching them for a drunk person can be physically aggressive.
Before approaching, explain what you intend to do in a clear, firm and reassuring manner.
Try to keep the person still, and take their keys so they will not be able to drive home.
Don't give the person any drugs (even aspirin).
Don't give the person coffee, tea or any other food or liquid.
Don't give them a cold shower - the shock could cause them to pass out and injure themselves.
Don't try to walk, run, or exercise the person.
Don't attempt to keep the person awake.
Don't try to constrain the person.
If the person is unconscious or semi-conscious:
First try to determine whether the person is at all attentive. Are they unconscious? Can they be woken up? Try and call their name. Pinch their skin--because they should have a reaction. Remember alcohol is a depressant and it will numb the nerves so by pinching the skin you can gauge how far along in the 'overdoes' process they are.
Check for signs of trouble including weak pulse, clammy skin, or poor color. Is enough blood getting to the skin. A sign that you should get help is if a person has pale or blue shin, or the skin is cold or clammy. This person is not getting enough oxygen.
Check the person's breathing. If they are breathing irregularly with a few breaths and then nothing for awhile or if the person's breathing is too slow or shallow--less than 8 breaths a minute or more than 10 seconds in between breaths--these are signs that medical attention is necessary--call medical help immediately if you have any doubts - remember people can die or have serious medical harm from drinking too much.
Do not let the person sleep on his back or stomach. Vomiting in this position can cause suffocation or serious infection.
Turn them over on their side and perhaps prop their head up, bend one knee and extend their arm.
Do not leave the person alone.
Do not try to walk the person.
Do not try to keep them awake.
Do not give them a cold shower. It simply does not do any good and may result in injury.
There is not a fast way to sober up. It takes time...about one hour for each drink they have consumed.
Remember - there are no absolutes/everyone is different. However it is always better to error towards safety. People's lives could be on the line.
In any instance where a person seems to be in a medically dangerous condition (being injured, unable to breath, passed out and having low or no respiration) call 911. The person may turn out not to need it, but it is always better to be safe than sorry. If the person is unmanageable (aggressive, etc), it is appropriate to call the police for help.
When you call for help:
State your problem and what you feel you need.
Give your specific location and your phone number (and be there when help arrives, if at all possible).